HumanE AI – Toward AI Systems That Augment and Empower Humans by Understanding Us, our Society and the World Around Us (Horizon2020, Coordination and Support Action)
Humane AI is a preparatory action consortium, with 35 partners from 17 countries, including four large industrial members, which will define the details of all aspects necessary to implement a full large-scale research project, and mobilize major scientific, industrial, political and public support for the vision. The full large scale research project HumanE AI will develop the scientific foundations and technological breakthroughs needed to shape the ongoing artificial intelligence (AI) revolution. The goal is to design and deploy AI systems that enhance human capabilities and empower both individuals and society as a whole to develop AI that extends rather than replaces human intelligence. This vision fits very well into the ambitions articulated by the EC in its Communication on AI but cannot be achieved by legislation or political directives alone. Instead it needs fundamentally new solutions to core research problems in AI and human-computer interaction (HCI), especially to help people understand actions recommended or performed by AI systems.
Challenges include: learning complex world models; building effective and fully explainable machine learning systems; adapting AI systems to dynamic, open-ended real-world environments (in particular robots and autonomous systems in general); achieving in-depth understanding of humans and complex social contexts; and enabling self-reflection within AI systems. The focus is on human-centered AI, with a strong emphasis on ethics, values by design, and appropriate consideration of related legal and social issues. The Humane AI project will mobilize a research landscape far beyond the direct project funding and create a unique innovation ecosystem that offers substantial return on investment. It will result in significant disruption across its socio-economic impact areas, including Industry 4.0, health & well-being, mobility, education, policy and finance. It will spearhead the efforts required to help Europe achieve a step-change in AI uptake across the economy.
SMART (Tender 2017/0090) – The mechanisms that shape Social Media and their impact on Society
Consortium: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche CNR (leader), University of Warsaw, PlusValue, Human Ecosystems Relazioni HER and Catchy SRL.
Since the appearance of Facebook and Twitter, the impact of social networks on the way people consume, produce and interact with information has grown exponentially. This affected the habits and behaviour of people – and particularly of younger generations – in the way they consume and interact with information. The aim of this proposal is to study the mechanisms that shape social media and their impact on society and try to respond to the key challenges posed by the increasingly broad and diverse community of stakeholders interested in this topic, including researchers, policy makers, regulators, journalists, media companies (traditional and new), industry, civil society organisations and citizens. There are two main objectives of the project: understanding how information spreads on social media and understanding the emergence of narratives and change of behaviour in the age of social media.
CLIC – Circular models Leveraging Investments in Cultural heritage adaptive reuse.
Research project supported by the Horizon 2020 Program. The CLIC project addresses significant challenges of cultural heritage and landscape adaptive reuse. It progresses the agenda on heritage-led local sustainable development by developing flexible, transparent, integrated and inclusive tools to manage the change of cultural landscape, which are required to leverage the potential of cultural heritage for Europe. The investment gap in cultural heritage and landscape regeneration will be addressed by CLIC through careful evaluation of all costs, of “complex values” and impacts of adaptive reuse, selecting function(s) not only linked to tourism attractiveness, but also for the well-being improvement, providing critical evidence of wealth, jobs, social, cultural, environmental and economic returns on the investment. The overarching goal of the CLIC trans-disciplinary research project is to identify evaluation tools to test, implement, validate and share innovative “circular” financing, business and governance models for systemic adaptive reuse of cultural heritage and landscape, demonstrating the economic, social, environmental convenience, in terms of long lasting economic, cultural and environmental wealth. The project will be launched in December 2017. In ISS the project will be coordinated by dr Anna Domaradzka.
FAB-MOVE – For a Better Tomorrow: Social Entrepreneurship on the Move
The project is funded by the EU Marie Skłodowska-Curie Research and Innovation Staff Exchange (RISE). It brings together researchers and practitioners in order to explore the question of how social enterprises can grow and flourish. These objectives will be achieved through a carefully crafted network of 28 academic and non-academic partner organizations co-operating worldwide. At the heart of the project lies the idea to promote international and inter-sector collaboration through research and innovation staff exchanges, and sharing of knowledge and ideas from research to the market. International and intersectoral secondments (1-12 months) of staff members from all partner organizations build the foundation for comparative research on social enterprises, their environments, innovations and challenges in different contexts. FAB-MOVE focuses on the embeddedness of social enterprises and its impact on their evolution. It identifies crucial success factors for a sustainable development of these new and innovative organizations in an internationally comparative perspective. Thoroughly analyzed case studies serve as best practices by highlighting how social enterprises overcome crucial problems and manage to grow in different social areas and various regions around the world. In particular, the cases will shed light on how managers of social enterprises cooperate with stakeholders and how their environment composed of promoting actors and existing (political) structures meet their needs in order to improve social cohesion all over Europe. ISS project team includes: dr Anna Domaradzka (coordinator), prof. Renata Siemienska (expert advisor), dr Ilona Matysiak, mgr Joanna Jasińska and mgr Agata Żbikowska. http://www.uni-muenster.de/IfPol/FAB-MOVE
COST Action IS1409 – Gender and health impacts of policies extending working life in western countries
The goal of this Action is to advance scientific knowledge about the gendered impacts of extended working life on the health and economic well-being of older workers in Europe and to support informed gender-sensitive future policy, explicitly considering the differential needs of women and men. This requires exploring the differential impacts that such policy may have for the health and economic well-being of diverse groups of older workers, using a life course perspective which has been identified as an innovative approach to analysing policy impacts. While life course analysis of pensions has been employed in some COST countries, there is a need to build a research network to develop capacity in life course methods and in gender-aware policy analysis to enable accurate, timely, multi-disciplinary, cross-national analysis of employment policy and practice for older workers. Expected deliverables include: (a) creating a website; (b) depositary database of scientific measures and policy tool-kits; (c) facilitating training schools, Short Term Scientific Missions and conferences; (d) disseminating scientific reports, proceedings, academic publications, policy. Duration: 4.12.2014-27.04.2019. COST STSM Manager: prof. Renata Siemieńska-Żochowska. http://www.cost.eu/COST_Actions/isch/IS1409
GendEQU – Gender Equality at the University
The project was funded by the Polish-Norwegian Research Programme. Polish partners included the Department of Economy (coordinator) and Institute for Social Studies UW, the Nordic Institute for studies in Innovation, Research and Education (NIFU) was a Norwegian partner. This project was aimed at investigating various forms of gender discrimination in academia. Studies show that despite substantial progress, cultural, economic, social and political barriers to women’s progress in science still persist. In this interdisciplinary project we will apply the gender mainstreaming perspective to several important aspects of this issue. ISS Center of Interdisciplinary Gender Research was responsible for WP1 and WP2. Both involved qualitative data collection and analysis of available statistical data. In WP1 (GRANTS) we analyzed access to grant opportunities in Poland and Norway based on existing statistical data and qualitative study. For WP2 (PHDS) we conducted a quantitative study with people 5 years after their PhD (based on earlier Norwegian study) and run intertemporal and international (Poland vs. Norway) comparisons of career paths of male and female PhD students. The findings will feed into recommendations for administrators of higher education institutions as well as granting bodies and policy makers. We also aim to raise awareness of researchers, students and the general public as to where unequal treatment of women in academia remain. Wherever applicable, we also wish to transfer best practices from the more gender-aware Norwegian system to Poland. In ISS the project was conducted by prof. Renata Siemieńska (coordinator), dr Anna Domaradzka and dr Ilona Matysiak. http://grape.uw.edu.pl/gendequ/
EFESEIIS – Enabling the flourishing and evolution of social entrepreneurship for innovative and inclusive societies.
Research project supported by the Seventh Framework Programme and funded by the European Commission. EFESEIIS produced new knowledge aimed at supporting individuals, authorities or organizations that are involved or are willing to involve themselves in the social and solidarity-based economy. It aimed at providing a better understanding of Social Entrepreneurship using thorough analysis of data gathered in 10 European countries. EFESEIIS involved around 1100 stakeholders – from social entrepreneurs, policy makers, financial organizations, and local authorities to individuals – in its research activities. It’s objectives included: 1) constructing an Evolutionary Theory of Social Entrepreneurship; 2) identifying the features of an “Enabling Eco-System for Social Entrepreneurship”; 3) identifying the “New Generation” of Social Entrepreneurs; and 4) providing advice to stakeholders. The research allowed to identify the the macro-meso and micro conditions under which Social Enterprises can contribute effectively and efficiently to build an inclusive and innovative society and will lead to a database of good practices. It also led to constructing a theory which explains differences between countries, taking into account the history and trends of Social Entrepreneurship, the different operational and organisational forms, the role of communities, cultures and tradition, the role of social innovation, the role of the dialogue between the State and Citizens on Social Inclusion and how social entrepreneurship and institutions co-evolved during time. During the entire duration of the project, data from interviews, focus groups and questionnaires will be gathered with the aim of providing targeted advices to stakeholders. In ISS the project was conducted by the team lead by dr hab. Ryszard Praszkier. http://www.fp7-efeseiis.eu
WILCO – Welfare innovations at the local level in favour of cohesion
Research project supported by the Seventh Framework Programme and funded by the European Commission. WILCO examined, through cross-national comparative research in 20 European cities and 10 countries, how local welfare systems affect social inequalities andhow they favour social cohesion with a special focus on the missing link between innovations at the local level and their successful transfer and implementation to other settings. The results were used, through strong interaction with stakeholders and urban policy recommendations, to link immediately to the needs of practitioners. In doing so, we connected issues of immediate practical relevance with state-of-the-art academic research on how approaches and instruments in local welfare function in practice. In Poland research was conducted in Warsaw and Płock. In ISS the project was conducted by prof. Renata Siemieńska (coordinator), dr Anna Domaradzka and dr Ilona Matysiak. http://www.wilcoproject.eu
Qlectives – Społecznie inteligentne systemy dla wytwarzania jakości (Socially Intelligent Systems for Quality)
Using a complexity perspective, QLectives understand, experiment with, design and build cooperative socially intelligent ICT systems composed of self-organising peers, that enable and support emergent “quality collectives” to enhance, for instance, scientific innovation and decentralized media distribution.
We brought together complex system scientists, social scientists and distributed systems engineers to produce new theories and algorithms. Our method was that of empirical experimentation using “living labs” involving thousands of people connected over the internet into collectives. The project generated better theoretical understanding of complex techno-social systems, and how trust and reputation may emerge among a community and be used to enhance quality. The work was organised into four synergistic streams: 1) Theoretical and algorithmic foundations; 2) Algorithm design, simulation and evaluation; 3) Empirical data-sets collection, processing and validation, and 4) Platform and living lab implementation. As a basis we extended an already deployed, mature, P2P technology platform and used two existing user communities: the EconoPhysics Forum and Tribler. Our results were applied to create two examples of how ICT moulds and becomes part of the systems to which it is applied: QScience – a peer-to-peer application for facilitating scientific innovation by supporting scientific communities, rating activities for quality to identify potential collaborators, hot spots and breakthroughs, and disseminating the right information to the right peers promptly; and QMedia – a peer-to-peer application for transforming media distribution by dynamically identifying shared interest communities and recommending quality contents to them using streaming media technology. http://www.qlectives.eu/
Asysst – Action For The Science Of Complex Systems And Socially Intelligent ICT
ASSYST coordinate research around the call Science of complex systems for socially intelligent ICT (COSI-ICT) in the context of the wider science of complex systems (CS). ASSYST made Complex Systems science and the potential of COSI-ICT better understood by scientific policy makers and funders at national and international levels in Europe. It showcased sucessful applications of the science and informed European policy makers on the global context of European CS and COSI-ICT and funding polices. ASSYST advised policy makers and scientists on the state of the art, and provide high-quality input and advice for funding policies at national level and for the funding agencies of the European Commission including FP7. The project promoted applications of complex systems and COSI-ICT in the public and private sectors, and publicise successful applications and built bridges between complex systems scientists and industry and commerce in Europe, to actively promote civil and commercial applications of the new ICT-driven science. ASSYST achieved its mission through organising many meetings across Europe and around the world with targeted outcomes related to its objectives, through proactive engagement with policymakers, the business community, and the public sector. It provided open educational resources to promote complex systems science and COSI-ICT, and conference support for rapid dissemination of complex systems and COSI-ICT research. It collected information and publish it in easily accessible forms available through an excellent ‘one stop’ CS and COSI-ICT web site. To make the impact of ASSYST sustainable in the long term, it worked closely with the Complex Systems Society which will take over its assets and continue its mission when the project ends. http://cordis.europa.eu/assyst
ICTeCollective – Sterowanie kolektywnymi zachowaniami społecznymi zachodzącymi dzięki technologiom informacyjnym (ICTeCollective – Harnessing ICT-enabled collective social behaviour)
ICTeCollective (Harnessing ICT enabled collective social behaviour) aims to develop systematic means of exploring, understanding and modelling systems where ICT is entangled with social structures. In particular, we will focus on behavioural patterns, dynamics and driving mechanisms of social structures whose interactions are ICT-mediated, from the level of individuals to the level of groups and large-scale social systems. Our unique approach is based on combined expertise in complex systems and the social sciences. By contrast with the majority of complexity studies that start from extremely simplified assumptions concerning social dynamics and concentrate on diagnosing structural features of social systems, we emphasize that ICT networks are dynamic systems of interacting humans and groups, and fully utilize the theories and methods of the social sciences are to be in ICTeCollective. http://www.cabdyn.ox.ac.uk/complexity_ICTeCollective.asp
OCOPOMO – Otwarta współpraca jako czynnik wspierający modelowanie polityki (Open COllaboration for POlicyMOdelling)
OCOPOMO was developing and demonstrating a new “off the mainstream” bottom-up approach to policy modelling, combined with e-governance tools and techniques, and advanced ICT technologies. The OCOPOMO project created an ICT-based environment integrating lessons and practical techniques from complexity science, agent based social simulation, foresight scenario analysis and stakeholder participation. Policy issues which are high on the European political agenda served as a testbed for the applied approach to policy modelling. http://www.ocopomo.eu/
Emergence by Design – Projektowanie zjawisk emergentnych
Emergence by Design was an EU-funded research project looking at developing new ways to measure impact which places more emphasis on the experience of the intended users. It will explore how we can design a service keeping in mind what is important to the user, as well as its economic impact. The use of ICT was central to the project – with managers of online communities able to identify social values and monitor the evolution of projects. This had the potential to produce a more responsive, engaging, and impactful way of developing policy and realising social change. This is part of the ongoing work of the European Centre of Living Technologies at the University of Venice to develop a theory of innovation dynamics. Project research aspired to satisfy two kinds of objective. The first was to develop the foundations of a theory of innovation dynamics that concatenates design and emergence. The second was to design a set of processes, enabled in part by new ICT, that can help to mobilize civil society to construct a socially sustainable future. These processes can assist the managers of online communities of networks of innovators to enhance the generative potential of relationships among members of these communities; monitor innovation cascades to detect signals pointing to the onset of endogenously generated social crises, as part of a system innovation policy that goes beyond the current strategy of priming the pump of invention; and implement a new kind of dynamic evaluation for socially-oriented innovation projects, which can provide stakeholders with a multivalent representation of the social consequences induced by the projects to help them steer the resulting cascades of change in socially positive directions. The process designs was be informed by the theory, and the theory was be informed by the experience of consortium partners immersed in the world of relevant practice. http://cordis.europa.eu/emegencebydesign and https://www.kl.nl/en/projects/emergence-by-design/
NESS – Non-Eqilibrium Social Science in ICT and Economics
Traditional economics uses models that assume limited interaction between agents, simplistic behavioural assumptions and equilibrium analysis. Yet economies and social systems are often strongly correlated, heterogeneous and far from equilibrium hence traditional approaches do not provide the tools to understand, model or design systems in rapid change. The current financial and world order constitute such systems and heavily rely on ICT (such as trading platforms, social media and novel e-business models) that is transforming the way modern economies and societies function. For many years researchers from diverse disciplines and communities, such as Complex Systems, non-orthodox Economics and Agent-Based Modelling have proposed alternative formalised models that capture aspects of non-equilibrium social systems yet these endeavours have been fragmented and peripheral. With this co-ordination action we will bring together leading researchers within Non-Equilibrium Social Science (NESS) to build a community, address current pressing issues and engage with policy makers, business and other stakeholders. We aim to create a new ICT and NESS-aware paradigm for economics and foster its application in areas of policy and business for social and economic progress. http://cordis.europa.eu/ness
WORKCARE SYNERGIES – Dissemination of Synthesized FP Results on Work-Care, Family Policy, Female Empowerment, Flexicurity, Social Quality and Cohesion for Efficient Stakeholder and Policy Use
Work Care Synergies was a support action with the aim of disseminating research findings of previous EU Framework Programme projects in the field of workcare. The project brought together research on labour market transitions across the life-course. The dissemination scheme was based on the concept of local key mediator teams, which were based in each of the seven countries where dissemination took place. The mediator teams consisted of local researchers, together with knowledge transfer and communication specialists. Teams collected, selected and prepared relevant findings from different Framework Programme projects in the form of theme-specific and target group-oriented discussion materials and other dissemination tools including films and newsletters. The goal was to make existing research findings available to non-governmental organisations (NGOs), policy makers, trade unions, companies and other stakeholders. Local information and discussion events took place in Austria, the United Kingdom, Denmark, Hungary, Poland, Italy and Portugal. Materials and discussion results were summarised and policy recommendations published. In ISS the team included prof. dr hab. Renata Siemieńska (coordinator), dr Anna Domaradzka and dr Ilona Matysiak and conducted the work package “Gender Elites and Work-Care Relations” http://workcaresynergies.eu/elites-and-work-care-relations/ and http://cordis.europa.eu/wcs
COMPETE 2 – Civilisation Competencies and Sustainable Regional Development in Poland
Project financed by Polish-Norwegian Research Programme, coordinated by prof. Barbary Liberdy and Department of Economy UW. Polish team included dr Ewa Gucwa-Leśny and Katarzyna Białek.